We’ve Already Fertilized The Grass For You
During the establishment phase, fertilizer applications aren’t recommended other than a low-nitrogen starter fertilizer to help root establishment and boost growth. MicroLife Brown Patch 5-1-3 is an excellent option because the nitrogen is 100% slow-release, so it will not burn the new grass or roots. Plus, it contains an ideal amount of potash & phosphorous, which will aid in healthy, rapid root development & overall plant health. What’s more, it has innumerable amounts of other soil building & root strengthening nutrients & microbes, including mycorrhizal fungi. You can enter your zip code on their website to locate a retailer nearest you.
Seasonal Fertilizer & Pre-Emergent Herbicide Applications
After establishment, seasonal weed control and fertilizer applications by variety are recommended to keep your lawn in optimal shape. Seasonal fertilizers & pre-emergent herbicides are essential to maintaining a healthy, lush green lawn. Sticking to a well-planned maintenance schedule is the best way to ensure your turfgrass lawn remains healthy & dense enough to combat pests, such as weeds, insects, disease, and more!
Increase Fertilizer Efficacy & Reduce Waste
Some people opt to test their soil before fertilizing. Soil testing enables them to choose the best fertilizer possible and helps minimize excess & waste. If you decide not to test the soil, apply a fertilizer with a 3-1-2 or 2-1-1 ratio at a rate equivalent to 1 pound of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet. Please keep in mind that fertilizing needs will vary by variety and many environmental factors. It is essential to do your research before choosing which product to apply to your yard. You can learn more about fertilizing here.
Proper Ground Prep Is Key To Weed Management
Unfortunately, maintaining weeds can sometimes be difficult, especially during the grass’s first year or if the grass is unhealthy. Further, if the ground is not prepped correctly before the grass installation, there is a good chance weed seeds in the existing or new topsoil will germinate & sprout once soil moisture increases. You can read more about controlling weeds pre-install here.
Proper Cultural Practices Reduce Weed Prevelance
The best way to control weeds is by maintaining good cultural practices. Following a well-planned maintenance program based on your cultivar, yard conditions, soil type, lawn expectations, and seasonal weather will encourage optimal performance.
Timing Is Critical For Pre-Emergent Applications
A warm-season turfgrass maintenance program should always include the use of pre-emergent herbicides. To ensure efficacy, you should take care to apply pre-emergent herbicides at the correct time. Applying these herbicides outside of ideal soil temperatures can render the herbicide useless.
Pre-Emergent Herbicides Can Slow Growth
Be advised that pre-emergent herbicides should never be applied to newly planted grass. If you have treated your soil with pre-emergents, you will need to wait for 90-days before planting the grass, unless otherwise noted on the label. Likewise, pre-emergents should not be applied for 90 days post-install.
Tuberous Rhizome Weeds Should NEVER Be Hand-Pulled
Some weeds, such as nutsedges & dandelions, should not be hand-pulled unless great care is taken to thoroughly remove all plant parts from the soil. Leaving behind tubers/nutlets, rhizomes, etc., can result in newly emerged weed plants. It is best to control these weeds by spot-spraying them with post-emergent herbicides shortly after they sprout & before they go to seed. For example, spot spraying nutsedge with SedgeHammer+is highly effective. That being said, you should broadcast the herbicide if the weed issue is widespread, the coverage area is large, etc.
- Fertilizing Texas Warm-Season Grasses
- 10-Point Checklist for Fertilizing Warm-Season Turf Lawns
- Zoysiagrass Yearly Maintenance Program
- Using Pre-Emergent Herbicides the Right Way to Kill Your Lawn’s Weeds
- Soil Temperature Map
- Bayer Herbicide Product & Pictorial Weed Guide
- Weed Identifier Assistant Tool
- Aggie Turf’s Weeds of Texas Turf Picture Guide
- Lawn Care Life YouTube Channel